In the era of IoT innovation, knowing the most useful Wireless Technologies are essential for an Embedded Engineer to recognise the direction of trends and progress in the IoT space.
Wi-Fi is a primary Protocol for integration into embedded systems including Industrial Control, Electronics, and Medical devices. Subsequently, embedded architecture is becoming increasingly complex to connect innovative devices to Wi-Fi Protocols at the most efficient level. With more than 50,000 different products already supporting Wi-Fi, device capability is driven towards connecting applications to existing Wi-Fi modules that fit with the design use case. As we enter the phase of Wi-Fi 6 on to 6E and the 6GHz RF range, it is expected IoT industrial environments will march toward new capabilities that provide high-speed connectivity and capacity for multiple Wi-Fi streams to play side-by-side.
Integration of Bluetooth technology within Embedded Systems facilitate an expansive range of Application Domains to support devices at numerous design levels. Engaging Bluetooth into an embedded system creates value in device capability for specific demands, via the implementation of Bluetooth Profiles that can assist the data transfer between compatible devices. Recent introductions to Bluetooth LE Audio in the SMART phone market deliver exciting revolutions in Bluetooth audio capability, enabling users to share audio from a single device to multiple wireless headsets. In the IoT sphere, innovative expansions into the Bluetooth 5.0 specification have furthered Bluetooth’s capability of automated data transmissions by 800% at a range of up to 200 meters. For this, Bluetooth is advancing into new markets such as complex industrial environments as a more reliable and flexible system.
The ZigBee communication standards ability to support low power and low-cost Mesh Networking across multiple nodes is advantageous in an era that is moving swiftly to SMART home structures. If one device fails communication will remain stable throughout the other devices implemented into the Zigbee Mesh Network regardless of manufacturing discrepancies. The integration of Zigbee can support a range of IoT powered devices in the home, from recent developments in communicable AI appliances like the Amazon Alexa and Google Home to the SMART control of energy, temperature, and security. As a Network easy to imbed and maintain the Zigbee integration is here to stay and innovate. For Embedded Engineers Zigbee’s secure, simple, and flexible properties make it an essential low-power, short-range wireless technology.
UWB’s ability to converse spatial activity, implemented in the operation of recent IoT SMART phone technology deploys the technology a secure place in the future of location tracking. As an already established Protocol UWB is innovating the IoT market extending high security in integrated devices that can input and output data across a reliable Network.
Radio Frequency technology is essential to understand in the age of IoT and connectivity. Supporting the basis of connectivity to power wireless networks through a spectrum of varying electromagnetic waves, RF technology is integrated into an array of short-range and high-range device Networks. Recent, IoT innovations valuable to RF in the 5G cellular marketplace place RF technology as a key constitute to the development of wireless technology.
As an easy to install, economical, and flexible Protocol, LoRaWAN opens endless forms of innovation towards global communication and connectivity in the IoT ecosphere. Offering long-range forms of communication across a wireless LAN Network consisting of multiple sensors and gateways, LoRaWAN has capabilities to be deployed in industrial applications from SMART cities to environmental indicators.
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